The Circuit Court is an intermediate level court of local and limited jurisdiction.
The country is divided into eight circuits for the purposes of the Circuit Court, each of which cover an ad hoc region of the state.
The Circuit Court consists of the President of the Court and 37 ordinary judges.
One Circuit Judge is assigned to each circuit, except in the case of the Dublin and Cork Circuits. Ten judges can be assigned to the Dublin Circuit and 3 to the Cork Circuit.
The President of the District Court is an ex officio member of the Circuit Court.
The President of the Circuit Court, who is also an additional Judge of the High Court, has the duty of ensuring an equitable distribution of the work of the Circuit Court amongst the several judges and the prompt despatch of business.